Mental illnesses are never easy to deal with. Getting out of it is extremely complicated and involves the need to undertake long therapeutic paths. For some time, traditional psychotherapy has been flanked by other forms of treatment for various psychic disorders. These are the so-called alternative, or rather integrative, therapies, proposals that must be implemented within multidisciplinary teams in which the role of psychiatrists, psychologists and psychotherapists remains fundamental.
Hippotherapy, music therapy, art therapy, homeopathy and many others: there is something for everyone. Their goal is to highlight some aspects of the person that medicine cannot or cannot take care of. Furthermore, these are therapies that cost less and have fewer side effects than classic pharmacotherapy, which is also essential in some cases. The Huffington Post analyzed some of them together with experts from various sectors.
Art therapy, telling about oneself with pastels and painting Art therapy uses artistic material as a communication code. “It is a visual language that is generally less frightening”, explains Achille De Gregorio, director of the School of Specialization in Art Therapy “ArTeA”. The therapy is performed individually or in small groups in an ad hoc place and involves the use of different materials depending on the pathology. “There are four spaces with different classes of ‘drugs'”, continues De Gregorio.
Drama therapy exploits the therapeutic functions of some tools in the dramatic field. “Interpersonal skills are developed in a delicate and profound way”, explains Salvo Pitruzzella, director of the Lecco Art Therapy Center and author of the book “Mettersi in scena”. “The potential of the person is evoked from an emotional point of view, exploiting non-verbal communication, body language”.
Stories and thoughts are dramatized, sometimes even with the help of texts. “The goal is to talk about oneself in a metaphorical, discreet way”, continues Pitruzzella. “People’s creative resources are developed to help them see things from a different point of view: new answers are given to old questions.” In all this, the support of the group, reciprocity in helping are fundamental. Drama therapy takes place in three distinct phases.
Hippotherapy, becoming responsible with love. Each person, in relation to their disability, can obtain benefits from hippotherapy. As Bianca Ormi Banci, president of the Pianeta Elisa association explains, the benefits can concern both the motor aspect (the trunk is consolidated, the postural aspect and balance are improved, the muscular tone is increased) and the interpersonal skills: one becomes more open to interaction and care and develops an affective relationship with the