Supplements that will Help in the Management of Diabetes

Supplements that will Help in the Management of Diabetes

You may be asking yourself if nutritional supplements might help you with your diabetes. The answer is yes they can. Although eating a variety of healthy foods is a sure way of getting the necessary nutrients that can be able to deal with diabetes, supplements may come in handy to help you deal with type 2 diabetes.The major reason as to why supplements are critical is due to the fact that diabetes is a disease that wastes a lot of nutrients. Therefore type 2 diabetics are likely to suffer from deficiency in vital soluble vitamins and minerals. What’s shocking is that most diabetic experts don’t give their patients a way to replace lost nutrients in turn leaving them to suffer the consequences of nutritional deficiencies.

Generally, at a bare minimum anyone having diabetes is supposed to take a high quality mineral and vitamin supplement. According to research taking a potent multivitamin on a daily basis will drastically decrease incidences of infections and at the same time shorten the number of  days type 2 diabetics take to heal from these infections.

This article takes a look at eight of the supplements that can be of great help to people with diabetes

Vitamin D

A drop in the levels of vitamins D is linked with heart and kidney failure, which as we know are the two major complications of diabetes. Vitamin D also strengthens bones and teeth and therefore improves the function of insulin in your body.

According to studies many people are defiant in vitamin D. Apart from supplements you can get more vitamin D from sunshine, fortified milk and fish. Dieticians tend to prefer vitamin D3 to vitamin D2.the recommended amounts for vitamin D supplements is 600 units for those between the ages of 14-70 and 800 for those over the age of 70.


This compound is common in various parts of particular plants. It’s also commonly used in Asia to manage diabetes and gastrointestinal conditions. According to Chinese experts the effects of Berberine in reducing blood sugars are just as similar as that of metformin. it decreases the production of glucose by the liver, improves insulin function, and slows down the digestion process of carbs in the gut.

Apart from these Berberine has been found to help deal with nerve and also kidney diseases. Be cautious because in high dosage Berberine can cause a number of digestive side effects. Its recommended that you have 500 milligrams, 2-3 times a day.


This mineral will lower your blood sugar levels, relax your muscle besides helping you with many other functions. It will also lower your risk of heart attack and stroke.Foods rich in magnesium include certain kinds of berries, vegetables, tropical fruits, beans, whole grains, nuts, fish and dark chocolate among others. Despite all these sources the daily intake of magnesium in Americans is half of the recommended daily allowances (RDA).the RDA for magnesium is 320-420 mg per day.

People with diabetes are likely to be low in magnesium. This is due to low insulin production. If your blood test shows that you are low in magnesium then a supplement will be necessary to deal with deficiency.

Omega 3 fatty acids

Though naturally occurring in such foods as fish, some vegetable oils, wheat germ or walnuts, their supplements can be found in either capsule or oil form. Omega 3 fatty acids lower triglycerides but do not in any form affect blood sugar control or the level of cholesterol.

A study by the university of  Maryland medical centre also that omega 3 fatty acids helps raise HDL cholesterol which is the good cholesterol in diabetics.

Alpha lipoic acid

This compound is similar to a vitamin. Also as an antioxidant it helps protect the cell from free radicals. Alpha lipoic acid naturally occurs in spinach, broccoli, potatoes and liver. To enable the body use insulin more efficiently people with type 2 diabetes are supposed to take alpha lipoic acid supplements.

Having said this, alpha lipoic acid is also effective in treating nerve pains arising from diabetes. However you should take some necessary care when using this supplement. First it might lower blood sugar too much and secondly it might reduce the levels of iron in your body. So make sure to closely monitor your blood sugar levels when using this supplement.


This is a metal and a very vital trace mineral that can help reduce blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. Its present in such foods as meat, fruits, vegetables, spices, whole wheat and fish.

Chromium is also available as supplements i.e. chromium chloride chromium picolinate and chromium nicotinate.however it’s important to note that when taken over long periods of time it can have serious side effects such as kidney problems which is already an issue for some diabetics. That being said at low dosage this is a very effective supplement.


Just like chromium, vanadium is also a trace mineral. In research carried out in the 1980s vanadium was shown to reduce blood sugar levels. a research carried out on animals these mineral has been shown to have the ability to replace insulin. But later research showed that it having no effect over blood sugar.


Good bacteria can lower insulin and glucose levels. People with diabetes have urinary tract infections and also yeast infections. Having the right bacteria can be of great help to your gut and therefore improve your insulin function and bowel function.

Probiotics occur naturally in foods like kefir, yoghurt, kimchi and olives. Unfortunately many people do not like the taste of these foods, or another challenge is their availability. That’s where supplements come in. You may have to consult your dietitian to find out the kind of supplement that works for you. Supplements are treated as food and not as medicine. As with any addition to a program you probably will be anxious to see the results after using supplements. However it must be noted that just like medications, you should try and give supplements a fair chance for you to see results. Results won’t always be instantaneous.

High Glucose level is at the heart of Diabetes management. This is because Diabetes develops when the body becomes less sensitive to insulin or the pancreas fails to produce a sufficient amount of insulin. Without an adequate amount of insulin the body’s glucose levels easily get out of control. High blood sugar level is also referred to as hyperglycemia and it is mostly common in persons suffering from diabetes Type 2. Any person suffering from Diabetes is extremely susceptible to bouts of high blood glucose.

Type 2 Diabetes patients easily suffer from hyperglycemia because this disease decreases their ability to produce a sufficient amount of insulin and can even make them insulin resistant; they may have enough insulin but their bodies do not use it well. On the other hand Type 1 Diabetics completely lack the ability to produce insulin meaning they are entirely dependent of insulin shots injected under their skin on a daily basis.

The lack of insulin leads to build up of sugar in the bloodstream. Hyperglycemia is a defining characteristic of diabetes and needs to be controlled in order to avoid the debilitating consequences it has on the body both in the long term and in the short-term.

High blood glucose level is detrimental if left untreated as it can lead to:

Eye damage

High blood glucose level causes inflammation of the eye lens and this severely hinders a person’s ability to see clearly. To correct this pertinent issue, your blood glucose level must be returned to a normal range. This is a serious problem because in extreme cases it may take up to three months after blood glucose level is controlled to get a patient’s vision back to normal.

Cardiovascular ailment

Consistent and uncontrolled high blood glucose levels lead to increased deposits of fat on the inside walls of blood vessels such as arteries. These fat deposits significantly deter the normal flow of blood. Additionally, the fat deposits also increase the chances of arteriosclerosis (hardening and clogging of blood vessels).

Kidney Failure

Consistent and unmanaged high blood glucose levels damage the millions of tiny filtering units within each kidney. This makes the health and functioning of kidney to deteriorate towards irreversible kidney failure that may require medication, dialysis and in extreme cases a kidney transplant.

Neuropathy (nerve damage)

Diabetic neuropathy is a common complication in most diabetic patients particularly those suffering from Diabetes Type 2 who fail to maintain their blood glucose levels. This condition causes peripheral nerve dysfunction

Diabetic Coma

This is a life threatening complication caused by consistent and dangerously high blood sugar level. It causes unconscious and requires urgent treatment to avoid fatal complications.

Joint Problems

Joint and bone problems caused by diabetes are jointly referred to as diabetic artropathy. This happens over time but is most likely to occur if a person consistently neglects to keep their blood glucose levels in check.

Gum Infections

An extensive and reliable study done by Harvard University confirmed that consistent high blood glucose levels in a diabetic patient. According to this study the higher the hemoglobin A1C (a measurement of blood glucose level over a period of three moths), the more likely that a person will suffer from dental bleeding and periodontal disease. In persons who have consistent bouts of uncontrolled blood sugar are likely to have missing teeth.

Skin Infections

Consistent hyperglycemia reduces the flow of blood to the skin and also damages the blood vessels and nerves connected to the skin. Decreased blood circulation to the skin significantly alters the skin’s collagen. When the skin collagen is damaged, the skin changes in appearance, texture and ability to heal. Additionally, collagen damage also interferes with the ability to sweat normally and increases the skin’s sensitivity to pressure and temperature.