Diabetes is one of the most common ills in Brazil type 2 diabetes destroyer book – in the country alone, there are 14 million carriers. “And half of them do not know that they have the disease”, highlights the endocrinologist Solange Travassos, vice president of the Brazilian Diabetes Society.
To change the scenario, the experts guarantee type 2 diabetes destroyer reviews: it is necessary to talk more about the subject. “Unfortunately type 2 diabetes destroyer scam, most of the money spent on the disease is to treat its sequelae, which are serious and appear only after years of lack of control”, points out Carlos Eduardo Barra Couri, an endocrinologist and researcher at the University of São Paulo in Ribeirão Preto.
Below, see doubts on the subject clarified by doctors: type 2 diabetes destroyer book.
1) What is diabetes?
Basically, excess sugar circulating in the blood. “Within this spectrum, there are more than thirty diseases, the main ones being type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes,” says Renato Zilli, endocrinologist at Hospital Sírio Libanês, in São Paulo. The difference between them is in the reason that deregulates glucose.
In type 1, there is a failure in the production of insulin, the hormone that puts sugar into cells. It is an autoimmune disease that affects the pancreas, the organ responsible for the manufacture of the substance. In type 2, responsible for up to 90% of cases, first the body cannot cope very well with the insulin produced, a problem called insulin resistance. To compensate for the remaining sugar, the pancreas increases the secretion of the hormone, but over time this double work not only harms the organ, but stops working.
Gestational diabetes usually occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy. “The placenta starts to produce hormones that go against the action of insulin, and this condition can evolve to type 2 after birth”, explains Zilli.
2) What are the symptoms of diabetes?
Basically a lot of thirst, high urine production and losing weight even with a high appetite. In type 1 diabetes, everything happens very fast. “The person suddenly stops circulating insulin, so the symptoms are very evident,” explains Solange.
But in type 2 diabetes, which is quieter, these alerts take time to be noticed. Therefore, the disorder can be discovered only when the person has visual changes and skin infections. Which, by the way, is a sign that the disease has been out of control for some time. “Whoever has the risk factors should do the preventive exams right away to control their progress,” comments Couri.
3) Who is most at risk for diabetes?
From the age of 45, everyone should measure blood glucose at least once a year. But, according to experts, a very comprehensive group of people get tested periodically regardless of their age: LDL cholesterol or high triglycerides; hypertensive; carriers of cardiovascular diseases; women with polycystic ovary syndrome; women who had children born with more than 4 kilos; people with close relatives with any type of diabetes
4) What is pre-diabetes? Is it possible to reverse it?
It is a condition that predates diabetes and is almost imperceptible, but it should not be ignored. “The name is misleading, as it is already a disease that causes greater mortality even if the person does not become diabetic. To have an idea, 10% of people with this condition already have eye or kidney injuries”, warns Couri. “And it is estimated that there are 11 million pre-diabetics in Brazil”, continues the doctor.
It fits here who has any of these three criteria: fasting blood glucose between 100 and 126mg / dl, result in an oral glucose tolerance test between 150 and 199 or glycated hemoglobin between 5.7 and 6.4%. More important than these numbers, the important thing is to know that it is not possible to reverse the condition, but to control it so that it does not progress to diabetes itself.
5) How is the diagnosis made?
With the same tests above, which identify the presence of decompensated glucose in the blood. Fasting blood glucose detects the sugar level and, if it is above 126mg / dl, it is very likely that diabetes is already installed. Glycated hemoglobin gives an average of circulating glucose in the last 90 days, and if the result is above 6.5%, it is another important indication that the disease is present.
The glycemic curve, which analyzes how the body reacts to sugar intake in several stages over a period of time, helps to confirm the diagnosis.