Physical reactions to fear


Fear, physical reactions to fear, apprehension, insecurity, worry, anxiety, among others. It is very common for some students to have these feelings at the time of the entrance exam. The bad news is that they can influence your performance, damaging the outcome.

To prevent this from happening, prof. Rafa, from Biology, and Gabrielle Picholari, a specialist in socio-emotional skills, will teach us how to manage and combat these feelings.Check out  questions answered and understand what happens in our brain when we are afraid:

What is physical reactions to fear?

“The limbic brain is the brain that teaches us to feel emotions. They basically take us to two paths in life: fear and love ”, introduces Picholari.Fear is a sensation generated from situations of danger or from the concern that something will happen in a way contrary to what was foreseen. It can cause stress, anxiety and feelings of “fight or flight” – struggle to face these situations and escape to get away from them.

In order to understand what happens to college students, we need to remember that there are two types of physical reactions to fear: the rational, when based on something possible, and the irrational, when it does not make sense and even then it is present. In addition, fears have different variations, which can be an apprehension or even a phobia.

“physical reactions to fear is completely biological. It activates areas of the brain connected to the bridge, the bulb, the thalamus, the gray matter of the cortex, among other regions ”, says Prof. Rafa. He further explains that once stimulated, the nervous system activates the release of hormones, such as adrenaline, which can increase heart and respiratory rate.

To complete our definition, it is important to highlight that fear is an emotional reflex that serves to adapt to the environment. That is, if viewed as something positive and coped with in a good way, it can help you prepare more adequately for a situation.

What happens in our brain when we are afraid?

Now that we have a very clear idea of ​​what physical reactions to fear is, we need to understand what happens in our head when it occurs and how it influences our studies.According to the professor, fear is associated with memory. Thus, a traumatic environment, such as exam rooms, or a recurring episode, such as taking the entrance exams, can early stimulate anxiety and fear, causing reasoning and learning to be impaired.

“This hampers studies, stimulates the release of the hormone cortisol – which is also released in stress – and can cause the famous” white “,” he explains. This threatening situation ends up overloading the brain, especially in the part of the frontal cortex, where we store our recent memory.The specialist in socio-emotional skills says that stress is caused precisely when we receive the emotion of physical reactions to fear, interprets it as “I am not able to deal with it” and results in a feeling of negativity that can cause anxiety or even paralysis.

This white man, highlighted by prof. Rafa, and the paralysis, commented by Picholari, can impair your performance at the time of the test and can make it impossible for you to access all the content studied – which is stored in your head.